Any form of crime undermines the rule of law. Preventing crime involves taking measures that seek to reduce the risk of crimes occurring, and their potential harmful effects on individuals and society, including fear of crime, by intervening to influence their multiple causes.
The criminal justice system addresses the consequences of criminal behavior in society and has the objective of protecting people’s right to safety and the enjoyment of human rights. It refers, specifically, to the work of the police, prosecution, and judiciary with regard to criminal matters, as well as access to legal aid, prisons and alternatives to imprisonment, restorative justice, and victim protection and reparation. It also includes cross-cutting issues, such as gender, human rights, and the considerations for victims and children within the criminal justice system.
Crime prevention and social justice are two interconnected concepts that aim to create safer communities while ensuring fairness and equity for all individuals. The relationship between crime prevention and social justice lies in the recognition that crime is often linked to societal inequalities, discrimination, and lack of access to essential resources. Crime tends to be more prevalent in marginalized communities with higher levels of poverty, unemployment, and limited educational opportunities.
By addressing the root causes of crime through social justice initiatives, such as poverty reduction, improved access to education, and combating discrimination, crime prevention efforts become more effective and sustainable. Additionally, crime prevention measures that are grounded in principles of social justice are more likely to treat individuals fairly and avoid contributing to further marginalization or discrimination.